The State of Israel was formally established on May 14, 1948, when the British relinquished control over the territory and Israel’s first prime minister, David Ben-Gurion, declared independence. The following day, armies from the surrounding Arab nations invaded the nascent Jewish state. After months of heavy fighting and casualties on both sides, the War of Independence officially ended in January 1949.
Independence Day is observed on the 5th of Iyar in the Hebrew lunar calendar, which means it falls on a different date each year in the western calendar.
The Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel guarantees freedom of worship to all citizens – Christians, Muslims, Jews and all others.
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